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Men's Prostate Overview

The prostate is a small organ about found below the bladder; it surrounds the tube carrying urine from the bladder. The prostate gland helps in making a fluid which is converted to become part of semen in the male body. Prostrate problems in men are common, especially for those who have crossed the age group of 50; however it is often not recognized till the problem is more aggravated.

With growing age, prostrate problems in men, sometimes become more serious. The prostrate gland gradually enlarges, and creates pressure on the outflow tube, this results in a slower rate of urine passing. This in turn has the affect of more frequent visits to the toilet, even at night. Prostrate problems in men are of different types. Though some of the prostrate problems in men can be harmless, there are other conditions like the prostrate cancer can be dangerous. Occasionally men develop cancer of the prostate, which causes similar symptoms, but this is rare, and the one does not necessarily lead to the other.

The prostate is divided into three areas -- the peripheral zone, the transition zone, and the central zone -- with a layer of tissue surrounding all three. Most prostate tumors form in the peripheral zone, the larger, glandular portion of the organ. Prostate cancer can also form in the tissue of the central zone. BPH most often occurs in the transition zone, which surrounds the urethra. Surrounding the prostate is the prostate capsule, a tissue that separates the prostate from the rest of the body. When prostate cancer remains inside the prostate capsule, it is considered localized and treatable with surgery. Once the cancer punctures the capsule and spreads outside, treatment options are more limited.

Symptoms of Men’s Prostate

The symptoms of prostate problems in men can be detected if the patient is aware of symptoms or due to certain irritation or problems. At other times, prostate problems in men are often detected by health care professionals during routine exams.

Prostate problems are common in men age 50 and older. Sometimes men feel symptoms themselves, or sometimes their doctors find prostate problems during routine exams. Doctors who are experts in diseases of the urinary tract (urologists) diagnose and treat prostate problems.

There are many different kinds of prostate problems. Many don't involve cancer, but some do. Treatments vary but prostate problems can often be treated without affecting sexual function.

Symptoms of Prostate Problems are;

  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Difficulty in having an erection
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, or upper thighs
  • Inability to urinate, or
  • Dribbling of urine

Types of Men’s Prostate & their causes

There are several prostate problems including:

  • Acute prostatitis is an infection of the prostate caused by bacteria. It usually starts fast and can cause fever, chills, or pain in the lower back and between the legs. It also can cause pain when you urinate. If you have these symptoms, see your doctor right away. Antibiotic drugs usually help heal the infection and relieve the symptoms. Your doctor also may suggest that you drink more liquids.
  • Chronic prostatitis is a prostate infection that keeps coming back time after time. Symptoms may be milder than in acute prostatitis, but they can last longer. Chronic prostatitis can be hard to treat. Antibiotics may work if bacteria are causing the infection. But if bacteria are not the cause, antibiotics won't work. Massaging the prostate sometimes helps to release fluids. Warm baths also may bring relief. Often chronic prostatitis clears up by itself.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the term used to describe an enlarged prostate. BPH is common in older men. Over time, an enlarged prostate may block the urethra, making it hard to urinate. It may cause dribbling after you urinate or a frequent urge to urinate, especially at night. Your doctor will conduct a rectal exam to diagnose BPH. The doctor also may look at your urethra, prostate, and bladder.
  • Prostate Cancer: Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among American men. It is more common among African American men than white men. Treatment for prostate cancer works best when the disease is found early.

Causes of Men’s Prostate

There are certain specific reasons that govern the cause of each of the Men’s Prostate.  For example, Prostatitis is mostly caused due to a bacterial infection. In the chronic form of such Men’s Prostate, the infection keeps coming back from time to time.

In the case of enlarged Men’s Prostate, most men after 50’s are prone to such problems. Research shows that up to 80 percent of men in their 70s and 80s have contracted BPH. There are however Prostate infections that might increase the risk of having enlarged Men’s Prostate.

There are certain particular causes that govern the occurrence of Prostate Cancer too, these being;

  • Race and ethnicity, Afro American men are more prone to this affliction.
  • Aging is another factor for Prostate Cancer occurrence. The chances increase rapidly after age 50. About 80% of all Prostate Cancer cases occur in men who are above the age of age 65.
  • A family history of prostate cancer increases the chances of having the disease.
  • Just as prostate problems in men can be regulated with the intake of certain food, similarly intake of certain food also increases the probability of generating prostate problems in men.
  • A diet which is high in fat and dairy products without the inclusion of fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of having prostate problems in men. Eating tomato and related products, like tomato soup, has been observed to have better affects and lead to reduction of prostate problems in men.  

Next Steps:

Poor health can significantly affect your life. Improve your life by changing to good health. Call our patient coordinator at 1-212-679-9667 or click on Request an Appointment to schedule an appointment with one of our doctors for evaluation and testing.

We are located at: Patients Medical PC, 800 Second Avenue, Suite 900 (Between 42nd & 43rd Street), Manhattan, NYC, New York, NY 10017.

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Article Last Updated: 08/26/2015